Who knows what WIA is?
March 7 2019
You have probably called in sick at work. Often, after a short break, you can go all out again. But what if the disease lasts longer? What if you can no longer do your own work?
Two years of sick pay
If you are ill, your employer must continue to pay your salary for a maximum of two years. He pays at least 70% of your wages, but sometimes you get more. Your contract or the collective labor agreement states exactly what you are entitled to during illness.
After two years, or after 104 weeks, you may be entitled to Wia benefit. Wia stands for Work and Income according to Capacity for Work Act.
You must apply for Wia benefit yourself at the UWV. You do not have to keep an eye on this, because after 88 weeks of illness, the UWV will send you an application form. You must fill in this form and before the 93e return sick week.
Enclose a reintegration file
You must also enclose your reintegration file with the application. This is the file that you have built up together with your employer and the health and safety service (or company doctor) during illness. The reintegration file must include all documents drawn up during the reintegration process. You can read exactly which these are in the checklist of the UWV. This checklist, together with the application form, will be sent to you by the UWV after 88 weeks.
UWV assesses reintegration file
The file is assessed by the UWV. Are there cannot makes sufficient reintegration efforts, then your employer must continue to pay the wages to you for a maximum of one year. This is also called a wage penalty.
If there sufficient reintegration efforts have been made, then a Wia assessment will follow. If it turns out that you are incapacitated for work, you can receive Wia benefit.
How does a Wia assessment work?
You first get a conversation with a insurance doctor of the UWV. This doctor will make an appointment with you in advance. You are welcome to bring someone with you to the interview. The doctor examines which complaints you have and which limitations they cause. The doctor can perform a physical examination, but it is not always necessary. After the interview, the doctor writes a report. He also fills in a list. This list is the so-called Functional Capabilities List (FML). This list tells you what you can still do and what will no longer work.
The insurance doctor does not determine what work you can still do despite your limitations. That does the labor expert. The occupational health expert selects three functions that you can still perform. These functions are taken from a database. They are existing workplaces, but not vacancies!
The labor expert compares the wages for these positions with the wages you earned before your illness and this is how your occupational disability percentage is ultimately determined.
Various disability benefits
The Wia has two different types of benefits, the IVA and the WGA.
If the occupational health expert calculates that you are 80% or more incapacitated for work, you are fully incapacitated. If there is also little or no chance of recovery, then you are also durable incapacitated.
If you are fully and permanently incapacitated for work, you will receive an IVA-payment. IVA stands for Income provision for fully and permanently disabled people. The amount is 75% of your daily wage. The benefit stops when you are no longer fully and permanently incapacitated for work. The benefit also stops when you receive AOW.
If you are fully (80% or more) incapacitated for work, but there is a chance of recovery, you will receive a W-payment. WGA stands for return to work for partially disabled persons. The amount of this benefit is 70% of your daily wage.
You will also receive a WGA benefit if your occupational disability percentage is between 35 and 80%.
The duration of the WGA benefit depends on your employment history and is a maximum of 24 months. After that time, your benefit will only amount to a percentage of the minimum wage. This is different if you are working and you have “sufficient” income in addition to your benefit. Then your benefit will remain at the old level. The amount of income you must have is indicated by the UWV in the allocation decision.
Maximum daily wage
Both the IVA and the WGA have a maximum daily wage on which the benefit is calculated. This daily wage is indexed every six months. As of January 1, 2019, the maximum daily wage has been set at € 214,28. The IVA benefit is a maximum of 75% of € 214,28 per day. The WGA benefit amounts to a maximum of 70% of € 214,28.
If you are less than 35% incapacitated for work, you will receive no payment. You have to try to get income again.
Do you have any questions? Then contact us. We can help you with this. We can be reached by telephone on 0345 - 851 963 and you can also email us via firstname.lastname@example.org.